Integrated Pest Management is a philosophy that guides us as we address plants and wildlife that threaten the Gardens and natural and perimeter lands.
Like a toolbox, IPM is comprised of a variety of strategies—ranging from physical to chemical control—that Longwood draws upon when a threat arises. Environmentally sound practices are always the preferred method of treatment and chemicals are used as a last resort.
Four Strategies for Managing Pests
There are several proven practices we use—either alone or in combination—for managing pests. They include:
- Physical or mechanical control-methods include deer fencing, pulling weeds, or squashing bugs
- Cultural control-encourages the growth of healthy plants by providing them with ideal growing conditions
- Biological control-draws upon the natural predatory instincts of certain species to control pests (i.e, Longwood cats for mice or lace wings for aphids)
- Chemical control-used when other forms of pest management fail. Chemicals are selected based upon their proven effectiveness to eradicate only the pest at large and staff members use application methods that reduce toxicity but are still effective.